Work Roles

Work Role ID: AN-LNG-001

Multi-Disciplined Language Analyst

Applies language and culture expertise with target/threat and technical knowledge to process, analyze, and/or disseminate intelligence information derived from language, voice and/or graphic material. Creates and maintains language-specific databases and working aids to support cyber action execution and ensure critical knowledge sharing. Provides subject matter expertise in foreign language-intensive or interdisciplinary projects.

Category: Analyze
Specialty Area: Language Analysis

Abilities

  • A0013: Ability to communicate complex information, concepts, or ideas in a confident and well-organized manner through verbal, written, and/or visual means.
  • A0071: Ability to apply language and cultural expertise to analysis.
  • A0089: Ability to function in a collaborative environment, seeking continuous consultation with other analysts and experts—both internal and external to the organization—to leverage analytical and technical expertise.
  • A0103: Ability to review processed target language materials for accuracy and completeness.
  • Knowledge

  • K0001: Knowledge of computer networking concepts and protocols, and network security methodologies. 
  • K0002: Knowledge of risk management processes (e.g., methods for assessing and mitigating risk). 
  • K0003: Knowledge of laws, regulations, policies, and ethics as they relate to cybersecurity and privacy. 
  • K0004: Knowledge of cybersecurity and privacy principles. 
  • K0005: Knowledge of cyber threats and vulnerabilities. 
  • K0006: Knowledge of specific operational impacts of cybersecurity lapses. 
  • K0108: Knowledge of concepts, terminology, and operations of a wide range of communications media (computer and telephone networks, satellite, fiber, wireless). 
  • K0143: Knowledge of front-end collection systems, including traffic collection, filtering, and selection.
  • K0177: Knowledge of cyber attack stages (e.g., reconnaissance, scanning, enumeration, gaining access, escalation of privileges, maintaining access, network exploitation, covering tracks). 
  • K0356: Knowledge of analytic tools and techniques.
  • K0359: Knowledge of approved intelligence dissemination processes.
  • K0377: Knowledge of classification and control markings standards, policies and procedures. 
  • K0391: Knowledge of collection systems, capabilities, and processes.
  • K0396: Knowledge of computer programming concepts, including computer languages, programming, testing, debugging, and file types.
  • K0398: Knowledge of concepts related to websites (e.g., web servers/pages, hosting, DNS, registration, web languages such as HTML).
  • K0407: Knowledge of customer information needs.
  • K0413: Knowledge of cyber operation objectives, policies, and legalities.
  • K0416: Knowledge of cyber operations.
  • K0417: Knowledge of data communications terminology (e.g., networking protocols, Ethernet, IP, encryption, optical devices, removable media).
  • K0431: Knowledge of evolving/emerging communications technologies.
  • K0449: Knowledge of how to extract, analyze, and use metadata.
  • K0462: Knowledge of intelligence reporting principles, policies, procedures, and vehicles, including report formats, reportability criteria (requirements and priorities), dissemination practices, and legal authorities and restrictions.
  • K0476: Knowledge of language processing tools and techniques.
  • K0487: Knowledge of network security (e.g., encryption, firewalls, authentication, honey pots, perimeter protection).
  • K0488: Knowledge of network security implementations (e.g., host-based IDS, IPS, access control lists), including their function and placement in a network.
  • K0491: Knowledge of networking and Internet communications fundamentals (i.e. devices, device configuration, hardware, software, applications, ports/protocols, addressing, network architecture and infrastructure, routing, operating systems, etc.).
  • K0493: Knowledge of obfuscation techniques (e.g., TOR/Onion/anonymizers, VPN/VPS, encryption).
  • K0499: Knowledge of operations security.
  • K0520: Knowledge of principles and practices related to target development such as target knowledge, associations, communication systems, and infrastructure. 
  • K0524: Knowledge of relevant laws, regulations, and policies.
  • K0532: Knowledge of specialized target language (e.g., acronyms, jargon, technical terminology, code words).
  • K0539: Knowledge of target communication profiles and their key elements (e.g., target associations, activities, communication infrastructure).
  • K0540: Knowledge of target communication tools and techniques.
  • K0541: Knowledge of target cultural references, dialects, expressions, idioms, and abbreviations.
  • K0545: Knowledge of target language(s).
  • K0548: Knowledge of target or threat cyber actors and procedures.
  • K0550: Knowledge of target, including related current events, communication profile, actors, and history (language, culture) and/or frame of reference.
  • K0564: Knowledge of the characteristics of targeted communication networks (e.g., capacity, functionality, paths, critical nodes).
  • K0567: Knowledge of the data flow from collection origin to repositories and tools.
  • K0571: Knowledge of the feedback cycle in collection processes.
  • K0574: Knowledge of the impact of language analysis on on-net operator functions.
  • K0579: Knowledge of the organization, roles and responsibilities of higher, lower and adjacent sub-elements.
  • K0596: Knowledge of the request for information process.
  • K0599: Knowledge of the structure, architecture, and design of modern digital and telephony networks.
  • K0600: Knowledge of the structure, architecture, and design of modern wireless communications systems.
  • K0606: Knowledge of transcript development processes and techniques (e.g., verbatim, gist, summaries).
  • K0607: Knowledge of translation processes and techniques.
  • Skills

  • S0179: Skill in analyzing language processing tools to provide feedback to enhance tool development.
  • S0184: Skill in analyzing traffic to identify network devices.
  • S0187: Skill in applying various analytical methods, tools, and techniques (e.g., competing hypotheses; chain of reasoning; scenario methods; denial and deception detection; high impact-low probability; network/association or link analysis; Bayesian, Delphi, and Pattern analyses).
  • S0188: Skill in assessing a target's frame of reference (e.g., motivation, technical capability, organizational structure, sensitivities).
  • S0193: Skill in complying with the legal restrictions for targeted information.
  • S0195: Skill in conducting research using all available sources.
  • S0198: Skill in conducting social network analysis.
  • S0210: Skill in developing intelligence reports.
  • S0212: Skill in disseminating items of highest intelligence value in a timely manner.
  • S0215: Skill in evaluating and interpreting metadata.
  • S0217: Skill in evaluating data sources for relevance, reliability, and objectivity.
  • S0218: Skill in evaluating information for reliability, validity, and relevance.
  • S0224: Skill in gisting target communications.
  • S0226: Skill in identifying a target's network characteristics.
  • S0232: Skill in identifying intelligence gaps and limitations.
  • S0233: Skill in identifying language issues that may have an impact on organization objectives.
  • S0235: Skill in identifying non-target regional languages and dialects
  • S0241: Skill in interpreting traceroute results, as they apply to network analysis and reconstruction.
  • S0244: Skill in managing client relationships, including determining client needs/requirements, managing client expectations, and demonstrating commitment to delivering quality results.
  • S0251: Skill in prioritizing target language material.
  • S0253: Skill in providing analysis on target-related matters (e.g., language, cultural, communications).
  • S0259: Skill in recognizing denial and deception techniques of the target.
  • S0262: Skill in recognizing significant changes in a target’s communication patterns.
  • S0265: Skill in recognizing technical information that may be used for target development including intelligence development.
  • S0277: Skill in synthesizing, analyzing, and prioritizing meaning across data sets.
  • S0283: Skill in transcribing target language communications.
  • S0284: Skill in translating target graphic and/or voice language materials.
  • S0290: Skill in using non-attributable networks.
  • Tasks

  • T0606: Compile, integrate, and/or interpret all-source data for intelligence or vulnerability value with respect to specific targets.
  • T0650: Determine what technologies are used by a given target.
  • T0715: Identify collection gaps and potential collection strategies against targets.
  • T0745: Make recommendations to guide collection in support of customer requirements.
  • T0761: Provide subject-matter expertise and support to planning/developmental forums and working groups as appropriate.
  • T0837: Advise managers and operators on language and cultural issues that impact organization objectives.
  • T0838: Analyze and process information using language and/or cultural expertise.
  • T0839: Assess, document, and apply a target's motivation and/or frame of reference to facilitate analysis, targeting and collection opportunities.
  • T0840: Collaborate across internal and/or external organizational lines to enhance collection, analysis and dissemination.
  • T0841: Conduct all-source target research to include the use of open source materials in the target language.
  • T0842: Conduct analysis of target communications to identify essential information in support of organization objectives.
  • T0843: Perform quality review and provide feedback on transcribed or translated materials.
  • T0844: Evaluate and interpret metadata to look for patterns, anomalies, or events, thereby optimizing targeting, analysis and processing.
  • T0845: Identify cyber threat tactics and methodologies.
  • T0846: Identify target communications within the global network.
  • T0847: Maintain awareness of target communication tools, techniques, and the characteristics of target communication networks (e.g., capacity, functionality, paths, critical nodes) and their potential implications for targeting, collection, and analysis.
  • T0848: Provide feedback to collection managers to enhance future collection and analysis.
  • T0849: Perform foreign language and dialect identification in initial source data.
  • T0850: Perform or support technical network analysis and mapping.
  • T0851: Provide requirements and feedback to optimize the development of language processing tools.
  • T0852: Perform social network analysis and document as appropriate.
  • T0853: Scan, identify and prioritize target graphic (including machine-to-machine communications) and/or voice language material.
  • T0854: Tip critical or time-sensitive information to appropriate customers.
  • T0855: Transcribe target voice materials in the target language.
  • T0856: Translate (e.g., verbatim, gist, and/or summaries) target graphic material.
  • T0857: Translate (e.g., verbatim, gist, and/or summaries) target voice material.
  • T0858: Identify foreign language terminology within computer programs (e.g., comments, variable names).
  • T0859: Provide near-real time language analysis support (e.g., live operations).
  • T0860: Identify cyber/technology-related terminology in the target language.